<Back to Dog Health
Do I need to Vaccinate my dog? Yes, vaccinations are an important part of your dogs preventive health care plan, when given properly they will protect your dog from several serious, even fatal diseases. It is recommended that a puppy’s first vaccination should be given between six to eight weeks of age, a double dose of the vaccine is given 2-4 weeks later. The puppy achieves sufficient protection from the vaccinations within 1 week after the second vaccination. It is essential to ensure that your pup is fully vaccinated before coming into contact with other dogs as they may be carriers of the diseases (There may be additional vaccines recommended for certain breeds or puppies with high risk factors). After a puppies last vaccination, they should be given a annual booster vaccination. Always keep your dog’s vaccination certificates. You may need them in the future, for example if you were to board them at a kennel.
Which Diseases Are Covered By The Vaccination ?
Canine Parvovirus An aggressive disease that attacks the immune system and cells lining the intestines, causing serious, often fatal, vomiting and diarrhoea. Young unvaccinated pups are especially susceptible.
Canine Distemper (Hardpad) This virus attacks the gut, lungs and nervous system and is usually fatal.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis This virus rapidly attacks the liver, lungs, kidneys and eyes. Many cases are fatal but some dogs can recover.
Canine Parainfluenza Virus This virus is an important component of `kennel cough’ , a highly infectious upper respiratory tract infection of dogs which causes a dry hacking cough.
Leptospirosis This disease is caused by bacteria from the family Leptospira. Two types of disease are seen but both can be protected against. The first is passed on in watercourses from the urine of infected rats and this strain can also affect humans. The second is caught from the urine of infected dogs. Whilst antibiotics can help to treat Leptospirosis, cases can often be fatal or cause lifelong damage to the kidneys.
Most dog vaccines are given by injection into the scruff of the neck. The procedure goes unnoticed in most cases. Kennel cough vaccines mentioned below are given as nasal drops.
Your puppy should have limited contact with other animals until he has finished his series of vaccines. Any animals your puppy will socialize with should be healthy and up to date on their vaccines to reduce his risk of becoming sick before he is fully vaccinated
Other Vaccines your dog may require
Bordetella (kennel cough) vaccine is strongly recommended, especially if a puppy will have exposure to many dogs such as at training classes, shows, or the groomers. It is an annual to semiannual vaccine depending on the product used and the puppy’s degree of risk.
Rabies vaccine are used only occasionally but can enable pets to travel freely from the UK to Europe provided they comply with the rules set down under the pet travel scheme. The rabies vaccine is required by law in the USA because rabies is a fatal disease that can be transmitted to humans and has no cure. The vaccine is given between 12 and 16 weeks of age and then boostered in one year, after which time additional boosters are given every two years.
How much do they cost?
The cost of vaccinations does vary, a puppys initial course of two injections may range from £30-£70 and a booster from £18-£40.